Views:18 Author:Site Editor Publish Time: 2018-09-21 Origin:Site
You may not have experienced cardiopulmonary resuscitation in person, but you must have a certain understanding of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the hospital or through television. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an emergency procedure that combines chest compression often with artificial ventilation in an effort to manually preserve intact brain function until further measures are taken to restore spontaneous blood circulation and breathing in a person who is in cardiac arrest. When you have an emergency, if you know how to do CPR, then this will greatly help the patient to get enough rescue time. Let's take a look at the steps of cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
First of all, take action at the fastest speed
High levels of vigilance must be maintained in the event of an accident, and relevant measures should be taken quickly. To confirm the safety of your surroundings, immediately tap the patient's shoulder and shout to the patient to see if the patient is comatose or confused. Once you find that the patient is not responding, breathing or breathing abnormalities, please dial 120 in the shortest time and start cardiopulmonary resuscitation immediately.
Tip: The performance of cardiac arrest is not always straightforward without any beating, but rather a process over time. If you hesitate during the best time of rescue or do not have CPR in the first place, it will delay valuable time and even threaten the patient's life.
Second, chest compression (C - cycle)
Place the patient on a flat surface and kneel beside the patient's chest to formally begin cardiopulmonary resuscitation. One palm is placed under the patient's sternum, the other palm is placed on the first hand, the two hands are placed in parallel, the elbows are straight, and the body is pressed vertically downwards for a powerful, rapid chest compression. The compression depth is at least 5 cm (adult) or 4 cm (infant), and the time for each press and relaxation is approximately equal, so the chest cavity fully rebounds and the compression frequency is at least 100 beats/min.
Third, A-Airway and B-Breathing
Tilt the patient's head, lift the lower jaw with one hand, and pinch the patient's nostrils with the other hand. After inhaling the air, stick it on the patient's lips and completely enclose the patient's mouth. Try to be completely closed. Each ventilation time should be 1 second, knowing that the patient's chest is lifted. Then open the patient's mouth, release the pinch, and press artificial respiration every 6-8 seconds. Press at 30:2 compression-ventilation rate and artificially breathe. Before the medical staff arrives, try to awaken the patient with CPR and restore consciousness. Don't let them fall into a state of slumber and coma.
Tip: CPR itself is a very scientific emergency rescue method. If you think cardiopulmonary resuscitation is harmful to patients, you can only say that you have not mastered the correct method. You can be sure that CPR is harmless and there is no danger that he can save the patient's life at a critical moment.
We live in a society that helps each other. If we have the ability to help others today, we may be helped by others in the coming day. And we learn cardiopulmonary resuscitation, which is also a very practical skill. I hope that you can master this skill through this article. If you have medical problems, please feel free to contact us.